How Mycoplasma and Ureaplasma are Sexually Transmitted Infections
Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are different kinds of bacteria that may spread from one person to another through sexual contact, however, they cannot be categorised as sexually transmitted infections. There isn’t much knowledge about these infections and thus, they may cause damage for a long time before they are treated accordingly. You may visit a reputed clinic and get same day STD testing in London done to know if you have any of them.
What Are Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma?
Both of them are:
- Bacterial cells.
- Among the smallest free-living organisms.
- Difficult to be detected because of their size.
- Characterised due the absence of cell walls found in other kinds of bacteria.
There are four mycoplasma bacteria that may cause human infections such as:
- Mycoplasma Pneumoniae–Also called ‘walking’ or atypical pneumonia, it may be contracted by breathing in the infected respiratory fluid. The infection can cause various symptoms such as headache, sore throat, cough, wheezing and fatigue. Most cases are mild and do not lead to pneumonia.
- Mycoplasma Genitalium–This kind of infection may cause men to suffer from non-chlamydial or non-gonococcal urethritis and women to experience cervicitis.
- Mycoplasma Hominis –The infection can cause males to experience pain during urination or release discharge from the urethra. It can also be confused with pelvic inflammatory disease or PID which can lead to ectopic pregnancy.
- Ureaplasma Urealyticum–This kind of urinary tract infection may get contracted through sexual contact and pregnant women may pass the infection to their baby in the womb or at the time of childbirth. The infection does not cause problems in most cases, however, it has been linked with pneumonia, preterm labour, low birth weight and septicemia.
What Causes Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma Infection?
Ureaplasma and mycoplasma bacteria can stay in the respiratory or urogenital tracts of adults and not cause any harm. The bacteria cells remain in our body unnoticed but they may lead to severe problems if not treated on time.
Both ureaplasma and mycoplasma infections may be spread through intercourse but they cannot be classified as sexually transmitted infections. The bacteria stay in the mucosa that is found in the urogenital tract.
You may contract ureaplasma or mycoplasma infection due to direct contact with the infected cells: whether it is mouth-to-genital or genital-to-genital. According to studies, the infection might pass from the mother to their baby or during vaginal childbirth.
Those who have a weak immune system are at a higher risk of infection and may need to undergo different course of treatment if infection is identified.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is usually present in the mucus of your respiratory tract and can spread when infected droplets are inhaled.
What Are the Symptoms of Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma Infection?
- Pain during a sexual intercourse.
- Post-coital bleeding.
- Burning sensation while urinating.
- Urethral discharge.
- Swollen genitalia.
- Vaginal discharge.
- Pain in the stomach area.
- Discharge from the penis.
- Stinging sensation when passing urine.
How Are Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma Infections Common?
Ureaplasma and mycoplasma are found in the lower urogenital tracts of sexually active males and females, however, they may not always lead to an infection. According to a recent study, nearly one percent of the population might get infected.
How Will You Know if I Have a Ureaplasma or a Mycoplasma Infection?
These infections are usually detected through urine samples or swab tests from the penis or the vagina.
What is the Treatment for Ureaplasma or Mycoplasma Infection?
Cases of ureaplasma and mycoplasma infections can be treated by taking the proper antibiotics.
Many antibiotics work through a method known as peptidoglycan synthesis which means breaking down of bacteria cell walls. However, ureaplasma and mycoplasma cells do not have targeted walls during the procedure, and so, they are highly resistant to these kinds of antibiotics.
There are other antibiotics for treating ureaplasma and mycoplasma infections. Your doctor will then decide the right course of antibiotics depending on your infection.
Why Are Ureaplasma and Mycoplasma Not Categorised as STI’s?
The ability of these bacteria for causing any diseases is yet to be confirmed. Due to lack of evidence, it is yet not known if ureaplasma or mycoplasma infections may lead to health problems.
Some sexually transmitted infections like gonorrhea and chlamydia may cause damage to the reproductive organs thus, rendering susceptible area to further infections. The long term effects of ureaplasma and mycoplasma infections are not yet known.
How Can You Prevent a Ureaplasma or a Mycoplasma Infection?
You can prevent from spreading these infections by wearing a condom and practicing safe sex. Maintaining good sexual health will reduce the chances of repeatedly getting infected and experience any long term damage as a result. If you remain sexually active, it is advised that you schedule STI screening regularly. Screening is necessary as different STIs are asymptomatic and so, you won’t know if you have a disease without getting tested. Besides that, regular STI testing allows you to detect infections quickly which will allow you to begin the treatment right away.. If you have had unprotected sex and have come into close contact with an STI, make sure you get tested soon.
Thus, if you have concerns related to a ureaplasma or a mycoplasma infection, it is suggested that you consult with your doctor at the STI clinic UK immediately.