Few Common STIs Both Men and Women Should Stay Aware about
While planning sexual activities for a fun-filled night, you will hardly think about STDs. But the chance of diseases and infections is just as real as fun is when it comes to sex, says a doctor associated with a renowned sexual health clinic in London.
Knowledge is your best friend when it comes to maintaining good sexual health. The earlier the treatment starts, the lesser suffering you have to go through in curing STIs. However, identifying the symptoms of herpes, Chlamydia, Gonorrhoea or any other STD is not always easy. You need to take the appropriate tests along with your partner to stay safe from STIs.
Doctors at a renowned private clinic for STD tests in London assure that most STDs can easily be cured these days, provided the right treatment starts on time.
HPV or Human Papilloma Virus
Every sexually active individual is likely to contract HPV infection at some point. In fact, it is one of the commonest STIs in many parts across the Western society. Over 40 varieties of HPV are known to spread through sexual activities. Sexual penetration into the vagina, anus or the mouth is equally as risky to spread the disease. Even skin to skin contact can spread HPV.
- Majority of HPVs show no symptoms.
- Majority of them also cause no harm.
- Your body usually flushes out the infections on its own.
But certain variety of the virus is known to cause genital warts. Some other varieties are known to infect the throat and the mouth. Severe types of the virus cause cancer in the penis, mouth, throat or cervix.
In order to protect yourself from cancer caused by HPV, you must take 3 vaccines, namely:
- Gardasil 9
Ideally, both men and women within the age bracket of 16 and 26 should get these vaccines. Gardasil 9 not only protects you from cancer in the vagina and the anus but also from genital warts.
Chlamydia is another widely found STD and it usually transmits through vaginal, anal and oral sex. Only about 1 out of every 4 women and 1 among every 2 men transmitted with Chlamydia show symptoms. The symptoms of this STI include:
- Burning sensation or pain while peeing.
- An abnormal discharge from the vagina or the penis.
It is a bacterial infection and hence, treatment is done using antibiotic medications.
Gonorrhoea is also a common STD that is caused by bacteria. If you are detected with Gonorrhoea chances are high that you are also infected with Chlamydia and vice versa. The symptoms are also more or less the same and include:
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina or penis
- Pain or burning sensation while peeing
It is treated by antibiotic medication and only 1 out of every 5 women infected with it show symptoms.
Syphilis is a tricky STI, it exposes itself in four stages.
- In stage 1, you just develop a sore. The sore may look like a harmless bump, in-grown hair or just a simple cut.
- In stage 2, it develops rashes on your body, which is followed by sores in the mouth, anus or vagina.
- In stage 3, the symptoms just get cleared away. It is also called latent stage and it may last for years or for the rest of your life.
- Hardly 3 out of 20 untreated patients develop stage 4 or the final stage of the STI. At this stage people suffer from severe damages to their body organs and nerve vessels. Their brain also gets affected at this stage.
Syphilis is treated with antibiotics and the earlier the treatment starts the easier and faster the recovery will be.
Herpes is a viral disease caused by any of the two strains of the virus namely HSV 1 and HSV 2. Both the strains can cause genital herpes although HSV 2 is found to be more responsible. Herpes symptoms include:
- Blisters showing up around the penis, vagina and the anus.
- Blisters may also develop inside the vagina and the anus that you cannot see.
The infection transmits very easily through direct skin contact even including the zones that a condom cannot cover. You are the best agent to spread the infection when you have blisters but you can also pass it along when you have no blisters. Remember that not every herpes-infected patient gets blisters. Proper medication is helpful when it comes to controlling and managing the disease.
This STI affects more women than men and a parasite is responsible for this infection. An infected sexual partner can transmit the disease to a non-effected partner either through penal or vaginal contact. In lesbian relationships, women pass on the disease through the touching of the genital areas. Hardly 3 out of every 10 people infected with this parasitic infection show symptoms, which include:
- Burning, itching or soreness in the genital area.
- Smelly discharge from the penis or vagina that may be clear transparent, yellowish, greenish or whitish in appearance.
Doctors prescribe antibiotics to treat these cases.
HIV and AIDS
HIV and AIDS are almost used synonymously although they are not the same. AIDS is the viral infection, which is caused by HIV. HIV is transmitted through body fluids like semen and vaginal discharges, blood and breast milk. It does not spread from kissing or saliva. But you can get transmitted with the infection through:
- Vaginal or anal intercourse with an infected person without a condom.
- Sharing a needle with an infected person.
HIV shows vague symptoms somewhat similar to flu, like fatigue, muscle aches and slight fever. Some people also lose weight drastically and suffer from diarrhoea. Testing your saliva or blood sample can confirm HIV contamination. If you experience any of those symptoms mentioned above, do not hesitate book an appointment at an STI clinic near you.
HIV – the virus responsible for causing AIDS may take years to destroy your immune system. After a certain point of resistance, your body just gives up fighting infections. Still, there is no cure for HIV but effective medications are there to prevent your HIV infection from developing into AIDS. Thus HIV patients live longer.